|Tues, May 31||Wed, June 1||Thurs, June 2||Fri, June 3||Sat, June 4|
|9:00||pptx)Welcome and Fermi Mission Overview - Julie McEnery (||The Fermi LAT Catalog - Benoit Lott (pdf, pptx)||Gamma-ray Astrophysics Theory and Modeling - Giovanni Morlino||Active Galactic Nuclei in the LAT - Benoit Lott (pdf , pptx)||Gamma-ray Astrophysics Theory and Modeling II - Giovanni Morlino|
|10:00||The Physics of Particle Detectors - Justin Vandenbroucke (pptx, pdf)||MW/ MM Astrophysics: Rationale and Resources - Dave Thompson||IceCube and connections between neutrino and gamma astronomy - Justin Vandenbroucke (pptx, pdf)||Gamma-ray Bursts and Transients in the LAT - Giacomo Vianello|
|11:30||The Fermi Large Area Telescope - Julie McEnery (pptx)|
The Cherenkov Telescope Array - Justin Vandenbroucke (pdf)
Instructions for installing the Fermi Virtual Machine (Additional notes: 1) You may need to find a version of VirtualBox appropriate for your operating system, e.g. linux. 2) If when you try to start the VM, you are getting errors from VirtualBox about VT-x, see this link)
Science Tools Intro and Data Exploration (includes VM shared folder setup ) - Elizabeth Ferrara
Students choose a source for analysis.
Likelihood Tutorial – Jeremy Perkins
Jeremy's Quiz tool: kahoot.it
The gtburst gui interface to the Science Tools - Giacomo Vianello
Generating LAT XML Models - Elizabeth Ferrara
Testing for sources
Advanced Likelihood (convergence and basic scripting tools)
PDG Statistics review
pdf (deltaLL values in Table 38.2 on page 29)
Adaptive Binning Tutorial - Benoit Lott
Summed likelihood tutorial, summed likelihood analysis files: summedLikeFiles.tgz
|4:45||End of the Day Tagup||End of the Day Tagup||End of the Day Tagup||End of the Day Tagup||End of the Day Tagup|
|Virden Hosted BBQ @ 6:00|
|Mon, June 6||Tues, June 7||Wed, June 8||Thurs, June 9||Fri, June 10|
|9:00||Gamma-ray Astrophysics Theory and Modeling III - Giovanni Morlino||Gamma-ray Astrophysics Theory and Modeling IV - Giovanni Morlino||Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor and Gravitational Wave Follow-up - Michael Briggs||Gamma-ray Astrophysics Theory and Modeling V - Giovanni Morlino|
|10:00||Air Showers - Jordan Goodman|
High Altitude Water Cherenkov Observatory (HAWC) - Jordan Goodman
|Fermi-LAT Performance - Regina Caputo||Searching for Dark Matter with the Fermi LAT - Regina Caputo||Project Results and Feedback|
|11:30||/||/||Future Gamma-ray Space Telescopes||Workshop Close Out|
Advanced Topics: Working groups on special topics
(Large high school graduation event happens at Virden in the evening)
Advanced Topics (fermiPy)
|4:45||End of the Day Tagup||End of the Day Tagup||End of the Day Tagup||End of the Day Tagup|
|Crab Feast (tutorial!)|
Student Talks and 1 Slide Schedule
Thurs., June 2
Roberto Angioni - VLBI and gamma-ray studies of TANAMI radio galaxiesFermi-LAT radio galaxies, a class of -ray emitters, provide us with a way to study AGN jets at high-energy not heavily affected by relativistic effects. Unfortunately, this also means that these sources are faint high-energy emitters, and therefore more difficult to detect, making up only 1-2% of all LAT-detected AGN. The recent implementation of the Pass8 data analysis holds some potential to expand this sample, and also to detect new AGN classes at high energies, such as young radio sources. Many of the southern radio galaxies, in particular, are also poorly studied at radio wavelengths, at milliarcsecond resolution. During my PhD I will characterize the pc-scale properties of the radio galaxies in the TANAMI VLBI monitoring program, using multi-frequency radio imaging. I will also attempt to expand the -ray radio galaxy sample by analyzing LAT Pass8 data on a sample of candidate sources, with particular focus on the young sources in the TANAMI sample. Additionally, I will study the SED of the TANAMI AGN which are not detected in -rays, to search for common properties that might explain why they are still missed by the LAT.
Raniere Menezes - Gamma-ray Variability of Low-luminosity AGNLow-luminosity AGN (LLAGNs) are the most common population of active galaxies at z = 0 and are therefore very important for our understanding of AGN physics. In this talk, we will report the results from our variability survey of LLAGNs in the northern hemisphere based on 7 years of LAT observations and Pass 8. In particular, we will present the light curves and associated results – including search for flares and periodicity – for the ten brightest LLAGNs in our sample.
- Laurel Kaye
- Peter Breiding
- Pfesesani van Zyl
Fri., June 3
- Narrow line Seyfert 1 galaxies (NLS1s) usually do not host relativistic jet and the gamma-ray NLS1s are expected to be rare. All the gamma-ray NLS1s reported to date have flat radio spectra and the jets are found to be closely aligned. We analyze the first seven-year Fermi/Large Area Telescope (LAT) data of a steep radio spectrum NLS1 B3 1441+476 and report the first detection of gamma-rays in such a kind of objects. No rapid variability is observed from radio to gamma rays and additionally low core dominance (< 0.7) and Compton dominance (< 1) are found. A radiation model successfully reproducing some steep-spectrum radio quasars provides an acceptable description of SED of B3 1441+476. B3 1441+476 has a compact radio morphology and a radio spectrum turnover at ~ 100MHz. All these facts strongly suggest that B3 1441+476 hosts a mis-aligned and plausibly underdeveloped relativistic jet, which provides a valuable target to reveal the formation and evolution of relativistic jets in NLS1s.
Michael Kreter - Blazars as Potential High-Energy Neutrino Sources
Jets from Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) are among the best candidates for the recently detected extraterrestrial neutrino flux. Specifically, gamma-ray blazars have been predicted to yield a cumulative neutrino signal exceeding the atmospheric background above energies of 100 TeV, assuming that both the neutrinos and the gamma-ray photons are produced by accelerated protons in relativistic jets. Since the background spectrum falls steeply with increasing energy, the individual events with the clearest signature of being of an extraterrestrial origin are those at the highest energies. Hadronic AGN jet emission models predict a tight correlation between the neutrino flux and the time-variable gamma-ray emission.
We develop a strategy to search for high-energy neutrinos from promising blazar jets from the TANAMI sample using the ANTARES telescope, Fermi gamma-ray light curves, and time-resolved multiwavelength SED data.
An unbinned maximum-likelihood method is applied to maximize the probability of a neutrino detection with ANTARES or alternatively constrain the possible neutrino spectra for candidate associations with IceCube neutrino events.
- Jamie Graham
- Natalia Zywucka
Sat., June 4
- Flat Spectrum Radio Quasars (FSRQs) remain uncommon members of the Very High Energy (VHE, E$>$100GeV) source family. The reason is twofold. First, they typically have strong emission in the optical-UV coming from the Broad Line Region, which can interact with the gamma-rays, determining a strong absorption. Second, their spectrum is typically soft and may exhibit intrinsic cut-offs.
The FSRQs B0218+357 (z=0.944) and PKS1441+25 (z=0.940) were first detected at VHE with MAGIC in July 2014 and April 2015 respectively, and are the most distant VHE blazars known to date. The detection of this new z~1 blazar class by the MAGIC telescopes gives us a chance to study the processes that allow a typically VHE-obscured blazar to emit sub-TeV photons when strong flares occur and set limits on the EBL density at redshift ~1 for the first time with the Cherenkov technique.
The VHE observations of both blazars were triggered after a high-state alert coming from Fermi-LAT in the High Energy band (HE, 100MeV$<$E$<$100GeV). For B0218+357, a known gravitationally lensed blazar with two image components separated by ~0.3 arcsec and with a delay of 10-12 days, MAGIC observations were scheduled for the trailing pulse after a strong flare in July 2014 and resulted in a detection during only 2 nights. For PKS1441+25, the long-lasting flare allowed the MAGIC collaboration to cover the highest activity state and its gradual decay to the quiescent state.
Stephan O’Brien - TeV Observations of Hard Spectrum BL Lac objects with VERITAS
High-Frequency-Peaked BL Lac objects (HBLs) are the most-intense sources of VHE emission, dominating the extragalactic VHE (E > 100 GeV) night sky. HBLs have been observed to vary across all wavelengths and on timescales ranging from minutes to years. VHE observations of a number of HBLs made with the VERITAS telescope array will be reported. Combined data taken between 2007 and 2016 will be used to derive time-averaged spectra, compare spectral models and determine the highest energies probed by the observations. This will be done using advanced forward-folding spectral reconstruction methods. Flux variability will also be investigated on nightly and seasonal timescales. Methods for combining the VHE spectra with Fermi-LAT data, allowing constraints to be placed on the extragalactic background light (EBL), will also be discussed.
- Zhaoqiang Shen
Mon., June 6
Nicolas Vasquez - Developing Water Cherenkov Detectors in Quito, Ecuador
The Ecuadorian Andes located around zero latitude offers altitudes over 3000 m.a.s.l. which is an advantage to the detection of astroparticles. The aim of this work is to present the progress done by our research team on the developing WCD. Starting with an introduction of astroparticle detection, we present the simulations in CORSIKA of atmospheric extensive showers originated from primary particles with energies within 10 GeV and 100 TeV in Quito. We continue with the instrumentation used in our detectors to finally present some results of the muon detection in our city.
Sara Coutiño - Extragalactic background light study with HAWC
The extragalactic background light (EBL) is all the electromagnetic energy released by resolved and unresolved extragalactic sources since the recombination era. Its intensity and spectral shape provide information about the evolution of galaxies throughout cosmic history. Since direct observations of the EBL are very difficult to perform, the study of the interaction between the low energy EBL photons and high energy photons from distant extragalactic sources becomes relevant to constrain the EBL intensity. The main goal of this study is to investigate the opacity of the EBL to gamma rays by observing a sample of active galactic nuclei (AGN) with the High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma-Ray Observatory. Current gamma-ray observations up to 20 TeV performed by Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes (IACTs) have constrained the EBL intensity in the 0.150 μm region. HAWC, which monitors the gamma-ray sky in the 100 GeV to 100 TeV energy range, will be able to detect about 10 AGN with the first year of HAWC data based on the extrapolation of steady-state spectra from the GeV band to TeV, and thus constrain the EBL in the poorly measured 1100 μm range.
- Yuanzhu Wang
- Yongbo Yu
- Christian Johnson
Wed., June 8
Dwarf spheroidal galaxies are among the most important targets in the search for gamma rays from dark matter annihilation in the cosmos. Joint-likelihood analyses using dozens of dwarfs have reached the sensitivity to test the putative dark matter signal detected from the Galactic center. While the gamma-ray flux from conventional astrophysical emission processes in dwarfs is generally assumed to be negligible, these backgrounds have not been previously quantified. Understanding possible backgrounds will become essential if a signal is detected, as we have seen in the case of the Galactic center. We present an estimate of the expected gamma-ray signal produced by millisecond pulsars in 30 dwarf spheroidal galaxies. We predict that millisecond pulsars in the most massive classical dwarfs produce a gamma-ray flux within an order of magnitude of the current Fermi Large Area Telescope sensitivity for individual targets. Moreover, we estimate that the millisecond pulsar emission in the most important ultra-faint dwarfs for dark matter searches to be more than an order of magnitude below current upper limits.
- Peng Fang-kun
- Roberta Del Vecchio
- Yunfeng Liang
- Shang Li
Really useful usage notes page for likelihood tools! [Likelihood Usage Notes]
Liz's favorite page on livetime and exposure: [http://fermi.gsfc.nasa.gov/ssc/data/analysis/documentation/Cicerone/Cicerone_Likelihood/Exposure.html]
Example ipython notebook from Eric Charles' lecture for statistics in astronomy grad course: Guest Lecture of Applications in Astro Statistics id 17506
Things to do and Eat
These are places we've gone in the past for food:
- These are close by (walking, bike ride)
- Rose & Crown (http://roseandcrownlewes.com)
- Striper Bites (http://www.striperbites.com)
- The Buttery (https://butteryrestaurant.com)
- Notting Hill Coffee (http://www.nottinghillcoffee.com)
- Half Full (http://www.halffulllewes.com)
- Kindle (http://www.kindlerestaurant.com)
- Jerry's Seafood (http://www.jerrys-seafood.com)
- Gilligan's (http://gilliganswaterfront.com/home.html)
- King's Ice Cream (http://www.kings-icecream.com/)
- These within driving distance
Some useful shops:
- Lloyd's Market (611 Savannah Rd, easy cycle ride, small market with most of what you need): Lloyd's Market - Facebook
- Rite Aid Pharmacy (444 Savannah Road, probably need a car)
- Ocean Suds II Laundromat (18675 Coastal Highway)
- R&L Liquors (207 Second Street)
- Food Lion (17232 N Village Main Blvd, further away, large supermarket): https://www.foodlion.com/stores/de/lewes/2565/
Things to do. Ask for details.
- Fishing Trip (on a boat!)
- Take the Ferry to Cape May
- Rent Kayaks (http://www.eastofmaui.com/)
- Visit Cape Henlopen (nearby state park with beach)
- Check out Rehoboth
- Dogfish Head Brewery Tour (not the restaurant) (http://www.dogfish.com/community/tours/index.htm)
- Rent Bikes